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A technological overview & design considerations for developing electric vehicle charging stations
Journal of Energy Storage  (IF6.583),  Pub Date : 2021-09-14, DOI: 10.1016/j.est.2021.103225
Rajanand Patnaik Narasipuram, Subbarao Mopidevi

In recent years, it is seen that there has been a huge expansion in the electric vehicles market aiming to reduce the impact of greenhouse gases. The deployment of an optimal and cost-effective electric vehicle charging stations similar to petrol/diesel stations with advanced control algorithms is necessary for the successful implementation. This review paper gives an overview of electric vehicles and various configurations about the design aspects of charging station. The charging stations are categorized on the basis of power utilized with various optimization algorithms, methods and future directions are presented to have an optimal design. And also, the highlights of grid connected combination of renewable energy based and grid connected, off-grid mode are summarized along with the future scope. Incorporation of renewable energy along with storage systems in the charging station can reduce the high load taken from the grid especially at peak times. By providing an overview of these key areas, the review study aims to provide a deep insight to the industry experts and researchers for future developments.