Find Paper, Faster
Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Phase evolution and relaxor to ferroelectric phase transition boosting ultrahigh electrostrains in (1−x)(Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3-x(Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 solid solutions
Journal of Materiomics  (IF6.425),  Pub Date : 2021-09-13, DOI: 10.1016/j.jmat.2021.09.002
Ruiyi Jing, Leiyang Zhang, Qingyuan Hu, D.O. Alikin, V. Ya. Shur, Xiaoyong Wei, Lin Zhang, Gang Liu, Haibo Zhang, Li Jin

Owing to the complex composition architecture of these solid solutions, some fundamental issues of the classical (1−x)Bi1/2Na1/2TiO-xBi1/2K1/2TiO3 (BNT-xBKT) binary system, such as details of phase evolution and optimal Na/K ratio associated with the highest strain responses, remain unresolved. In this work, we systematically investigated the phase evolution of the BNT-xBKT binary solid solution with x ranging from 0.12 to 0.24 using not only routine X-ray diffraction and weak-signal dielectric characterization, but also temperature-dependent polarization versus electric field (P-E) and current versus electric field (I-E) curves. Our results indicate an optimal Na/K ratio of 81/19 based on high-field polarization and electrostrain characterizations. As the temperature increased above 100 °C, the x=0.19 composition produces ultrahigh electrostrains (>0.5%) with high thermal stability. The ultrahigh and stable electrostrains were primarily due to the combined effect of electric-field-induced relaxor-to-ferroelectric phase transition and ferroelectric-to-relaxor diffuse phase transition during heating. More specifically, we revealed the relationship between phase evolution and electrostrain responses based on the characteristic temperatures determined by both weak-field dielectric and high-field ferroelectric/electromechanical property characterizations. This work not only clarifies the phase evolution in BNT-xBKT binary solid solution, but also paves the way for future strain enhancement through doping strategies.