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Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Comprehensive Identification of Liquid Crystal Monomers—Biphenyls, Cyanobiphenyls, Fluorinated Biphenyls, and their Analogues—in Waste LCD Panels and the First Estimate of their Global Release into the Environment
Environmental Science & Technology  (IF9.028),  Pub Date : 2021-09-10, DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.1c03901
Xinxin Liang, Ruiman Xie, Chunyou Zhu, Hui Chen, Mingjie Shen, Quan Li, Bibai Du, Dan Luo, Lixi Zeng

Our previous study demonstrated massive emissions of liquid crystal monomers (LCMs) from liquid crystal display (LCD)-associated e-waste dismantling; however, the compositions, priority list, and inventory of LCMs in waste LCD panels remain unknown. Herein, we conducted the first comprehensive identification covering a broader range of LCMs, including 21 biphenyls and analogues (BAs), 28 cyanobiphenyls and analogues (CBAs), and 44 fluorinated biphenyls and analogues (FBAs), in waste television/computer LCD panels. A total of 64 of the 93 target LCMs, including 19 BAs, 6 CBAs, and 39 FBAs, were widely detected in collected waste LCD panels. Approximately 10–18 of the 64 detectable LCMs were identified as the main compositions in various waste LCD panels, which contributed to >90% of the total LCMs. Total concentrations of FBAs in the television/computer LCD panel samples were comparable to those of BAs but much higher than those of CBAs, indicating FBAs and BAs being the commonly used LCM categories. The composition distribution of LCMs varied between television/computer LCDs and among different brands of television/computer LCDs. A preliminary estimate of the globally direct release of LCMs from waste television/computer LCD panels into various environmental compartments was about 1.07–107 kg/year, which will increase considerably in the near future.