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Bright and stable light-emitting diodes made with perovskite nanocrystals stabilized in metal–organic frameworks
Nature Photonics  (IF38.771),  Pub Date : 2021-09-06, DOI: 10.1038/s41566-021-00857-0
Hsinhan Tsai, Shreetu Shrestha, Rafael A. Vilá, Wenxiao Huang, Cunming Liu, Cheng-Hung Hou, Hsin-Hsiang Huang, Xiewen Wen, Mingxing Li, Gary Wiederrecht, Yi Cui, Mircea Cotlet, Xiaoyi Zhang, Xuedan Ma, Wanyi Nie

Perovskite nanocrystals are exceptional candidates for light-emitting diodes (LEDs). However, they are unstable in the solid film and tend to degrade back to the bulk phase, which undermines their potential for LEDs. Here we demonstrate that perovskite nanocrystals stabilized in metal–organic framework (MOF) thin films make bright and stable LEDs. The perovskite nanocrystals in MOF thin films can maintain the photoluminescence and electroluminescence against continuous ultraviolet irradiation, heat and electrical stress. As revealed by optical and X-ray spectroscopy, the strong emission originates from localized carrier recombination. Bright LEDs made from perovskite-MOF nanocrystals are demonstrated with a maximum external quantum efficiency of over 15% and a high brightness of over 105 cd m−2 after the device reaches stabilization. During LED operation, the nanocrystals can be well preserved, free of ion migration or crystal merging through protection by the MOF matrix, leading to a stable performance over 50 hours.