Example：10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Deep Attention and Graphical Neural Network for Multiple Sclerosis Lesion Segmentation from MR Imaging Sequences. IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics (IF5.772), Pub Date : 2021-09-01, DOI: 10.1109/jbhi.2021.3109119 Zhanlan Chen,Xiuying Wang,Jing Huang,Jie Lu,Jiangbin Zheng
The segmentation of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions from MR imaging sequences remains a challenging task, due to the characteristics of variant shapes, scattered distributions and unknown numbers of lesions. However, the current automated MS segmentation methods with deep learning models face the challenges of (1) capturing the multiple scattered lesions in multiple regions and (2) delineating the global contour of variant lesions. To address these challenges, in this paper, we propose a novel attention and graph-driven network (DAG-Net), which incorporates (1) the spatial correlations for embracing the lesions in distant regions and (2) the global context for better representing lesions of variant features in a unified architecture. Firstly, the novel local attention coherence mechanism is designed to construct dynamic and expansible graphs for the spatial correlations between pixels and their proximities. Secondly, the proposed spatial-channel attention module enhances features to optimize the global contour delineation, by aggregating relevant features. Moreover, with the dynamic graphs, the learning process of the DAG-Net is interpretable, which in turns support the reliability of segmentation results. Extensive experiments were conducted on a public ISBI2015 dataset and an in-house dataset in comparison to state-of-the-art methods, based on the geometrical and clinical metrics. The experimental results validate the effectiveness of the proposed DAG-Net on segmenting variant and scatted lesions in multiple regions.