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High MW polyethylene glycol prolongs circulation of pegloticase in mice with anti-PEG antibodies
Journal of Controlled Release  (IF9.776),  Pub Date : 2021-09-02, DOI: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2021.08.051
Anne M. Talkington, Morgan D. McSweeney, Tao Zhang, Zibo Li, Andrew C. Nyborg, Brian LaMoreaux, Eric W. Livingston, Jonathan E. Frank, Hong Yuan, Samuel K. Lai

Pegloticase is an enzyme used to reduce serum uric acid levels in patients with chronic, treatment-refractory gout. Clinically, about 40% of patients develop high titers of anti-PEG antibodies (APA) after initial treatment, which in turn quickly eliminate subsequent doses of pegloticase from the systemic circulation and render the treatment ineffective. We previously found that pre-infusion with high MW free PEG (40 kDa) can serve as a decoy to saturate circulating APA, preventing binding to a subsequently administered dose of PEG-liposomes and restoring their prolonged circulation in mice, without any detectible toxicity. Here, we investigated the use of 40 kDa free PEG to restore the circulation of radio-labeled pegloticase in mice using longitudinal Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging over 4 days. Mice injected with pegloticase developed appreciable APA titers by Day 9, which further increased through Day 14. Compared to naïve mice, mice with pegloticase-induced APA rapidly cleared 89Zr-labeled pegloticase, with ~75% lower pegloticase concentrations in the circulation at four hours after treatment. The 96-h AUC in APA+ mice was less than 30% of the AUC in naïve mice. In contrast, pre-infusion of free PEG into PEG-sensitized mice restored the AUC of pegloticase to ~80% of that seen in naïve mice, resulting in a similar biodistribution to pegloticase in naïve mice over time. These results suggest that pre-infusion of free PEG may be a promising strategy to enable the safe and efficacious use of pegloticase and other PEGylated drugs in patients that have previously failed therapy due to induced APA.