Example：10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Adaptive Optimization Boosted the Production of Moenomycin A in the Microbial Chassis Streptomyces albus J1074 ACS Synthetic Biology (IF5.11), Pub Date : 2021-09-01, DOI: 10.1021/acssynbio.1c00094 Xing Li, Xiaojing Hu, Yong Sheng, Hengyu Wang, Meifeng Tao, Yixin Ou, Zixin Deng, Linquan Bai, Qianjin Kang
Great efforts have been made to improve Streptomyces chassis for efficient production of targeted natural products. Moenomycin family antibiotics, represented by moenomycin (Moe) and nosokomycin, are phosphoglycolipid antibiotics that display extraordinary inhibition against Gram-positive bacteria. Herein, we assembled a completed 34 kb hybrid biosynthetic gene cluster (BGC) of moenomycin A (moe-BGC) based on a 24 kb nosokomycin analogue biosynthetic gene cluster (noso-BGC). The heterologous expression of the hybrid moe-BGC in Streptomyces albus J1074 achieved the production of moenomycin A in the recombinant strain LX01 with a yield of 12.1 ± 2 mg/L. Further strong promoter refactoring to improve the transcriptional levels of all of the functional genes in strain LX02 enhanced the production of moenomycin A by 58%. However, the yield improvement of moenomycin A resulted in a dramatic 38% decrease in the chassis biomass compared with the control strain. To improve the weak physiological tolerance to moenomycin A of the chassis, another copy of the gene salb-PBP2 (P238N&F200D), encoding peptidoglycan biosynthetic protein PBP2, was introduced into the chassis strain, producing strain LX03. Cell growth was restored, and the fermentation titer of moenomycin A was 130% higher than that of LX01. Additionally, the production of moenomycin A in strain LX03 was further elevated by 45% to 40.0 ± 3 mg/L after media optimization. These results suggested that the adaptive optimization strategy of strong promoter refactoring in the BGC plus physiological tolerance in the chassis was an efficient approach for obtaining the desired natural products with high titers.