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Distributed Cooperative Control of Redundant Mobile Manipulators With Safety Constraints.
IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics  (IF11.448),  Pub Date : 2021-08-30, DOI: 10.1109/tcyb.2021.3104044
Chu Wu,Hao Fang,Qingkai Yang,Xianlin Zeng,Yue Wei,Jie Chen

In this article, the distributed cooperative control problem of redundant mobile manipulators is investigated. A novel method is proposed to solve the problem by integrating formation control with constrained optimization, which not only transports the object along a reference trajectory in a distributed manner but also obtains the dexterous joint postures and end-effector displacements under safety constraints for collision avoidance. For the constrained optimization, the cost function and safety constraints are designed to quantify the mobility and manipulability of mobile manipulators, and collision-free working ranges with the object and obstacles, respectively. A discontinuous projected primal-dual algorithm with damping terms is proposed to solve the constrained optimization problem, providing the joint postures and end-effector displacements, which minimize the cost function and satisfy safety constraints. For the formation control, a finite-time control law, guided by end-effector displacements from the primal-dual algorithm, is developed in order to transport the object by establishing a prescribed formation and moving its centroid to track the reference trajectory. The cooperative manipulation is therefore achieved by the proposed method, which is further validated through numerical simulations.