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Molecular Transformation Based on an Innovative Catalytic System
Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin  (IF1.645),  Pub Date : 2021-09-01, DOI: 10.1248/cpb.c21-00390
Yoshiji Takemoto

Novel innovative catalytic systems such as hydrogen-bond donors and thiourea hybrid catalysts have been developed for the asymmetric synthesis of biologically important pharmaceuticals and natural products. Benzothiadiazines possess a stronger hydrogen-bond donor ability compared to thioureas and exhibit remarkable catalytic performance for the activation of α,β-unsaturated amides. Hybrid thioureas (bearing an arylboronic acid and an ammonium salt) efficiently promote the hetero-Michael addition to α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acids and the O-alkylation of keto enols with 5-chlorofuran-2(5H)-one. These hybrid catalysts enable the first total synthesis of non-racemic avenaol, a noncanonical strigolactone, as well as the asymmetric synthesis of several pharmaceuticals. In addition, this study discovers unique chemical phenomena (i.e., the dual role of benzoic acid as a boron ligand and a proton shuttle, the chirality switch of products by solvent used, and the dynamic kinetic resolution of a racemic electrophile in an SN2-type reaction).

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