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Monitoring of Cocrystal Dissociation during the Wet Granulation Process in the Presence of Disintegrants by Using Low-Frequency Raman Spectroscopy
Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin  (IF1.645),  Pub Date : 2021-09-01, DOI: 10.1248/cpb.c21-00302
Naoto Suzuki, Kanako Fukui, Koki Otaka, Toyofumi Suzuki, Toshiro Fukami

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of three coformers and five disintegrants in the granulation formulation on the dissociation of cocrystal during the granulation process by monitoring wet granulation with probe-type low-frequency Raman (LF-Raman) spectroscopy. As model cocrystals, paracetamol (APAP)-oxalic acid (OXA), APAP-maleic acid (MLA), and APAP-trimethylglycine (TMG) were used. The monitoring of the granulation recipe containing cocrystals during wet granulation was performed over time with high-performance LF-Raman spectrometry and the dissociation rate was calculated from the results of multivariate analysis of LF-Raman spectra. The dissociation rate decreased in the order of APAP-TMG, APAP-OXA, and APAP-MLA, showing the same order as observed in Powder X-ray diffraction measurements. Furthermore, to compare the effect of disintegrants on the dissociation rate of APAP-OXA, LF-Raman monitoring was performed for the granulation recipes containing five typical disintegrants (two low-substitution hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC), cornstarch (CSW), carmellose sodium (CMC), and crospovidone (CRP)). The dissociation rate of APAP-OXA decreased in the order of CSW, HPCs, CMC, and CRP. This difference in the dissociation rate of APAP-OXA was thought to be due to the disintegration mechanism of the disintegrants and the water absorption ratio, which was expected to affect the water behavior on the disintegrant surface during wet granulation. These results suggested that probe-type LF-Raman spectroscopy is useful to monitor the dissociation behavior of cocrystals during wet granulation and can compare the relative stability of cocrystal during wet granulation between different formulations.

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