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The Impact of COVID-19 on Adolescents’ Daily Lives: The Role of Parent–Child Relationship Quality
Journal of Research on Adolescence  (IF3.26),  Pub Date : 2021-08-26, DOI: 10.1111/jora.12657
Julie J. Janssens, Robin Achterhof, Ginette Lafit, Eva Bamps, Noëmi Hagemann, Anu P. Hiekkaranta, Karlijn S. F. M. Hermans, Aleksandra Lecei, Inez Myin-Germeys, Olivia J. Kirtley

COVID-19 lockdown measures have profoundly impacted adolescent’ daily life, with research suggesting an increase in irritability, stress, loneliness, and family conflict. A potential protective factor is parent–child relationship quality; however, no studies have investigated this. We used data from SIGMA, a longitudinal, experience sampling cohort study, in which N = 173 adolescents aged 11 to 20 were tested before and during COVID-19. Multilevel analyses showed decreased daily-life irritability and increased loneliness from pre- to mid-pandemic. Daily-life stress levels were unchanged. Relationship quality was negatively associated with irritability and loneliness and buffered against the increase in loneliness. Effect sizes were small and do not support a strong effect of the first lockdown on irritability, stress, loneliness, and family conflict in adolescents.