Example：10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Enhancing affinity-based electroanalytical biosensors by integrated AC electrokinetic enrichment—A mini review Electrophoresis (IF3.535), Pub Date : 2021-08-28, DOI: 10.1002/elps.202100168 Min Song, Xiaogang Lin, Zhijia Peng, Maoxiao Zhang, Jayne Wu
Biosensors play a central role in moving diagnostics to being on-site or decentralized. Affinity biosensor, an important category of biosensors, has important applications in clinical diagnosis, pharmaceuticals, immunology, and other fields. Affinity biosensors rely on specific binding between target analytes and biological ligands such as antibodies, nucleic acids, or other receptors to generate measurable signals. Oftentimes the target analytes in practical samples are of low abundance in a complex matrix. Traditional affinity biosensors mainly rely on random diffusion of analytes in solution to conjugate with biorecognition elements on the sensor surface of electrodes. The process may take hours or even days, which is not conducive to rapid and sensitive detection of biosensors. Therefore, it is strongly desired to incorporate an enrichment mechanism for target analytes into biosensor-based detection. AC electrokinetic (ACEK) effect can realize rapid enrichment of analytes by application of AC electric fields, which holds great promise for achieving high sensitivity, low detection limit, and rapid turnaround. This article reviews the studies of affinity biosensors integrated with ACEK enrichment in the past decade, and summarizes the latest detection methods, detection devices and applications, hoping to provide some insights and references for researchers in related fields.