This study reports that a novel high-temperature poly (m-phenyleneisophthalamide) (PMIA) composite with enhanced dielectric constant and thermal conductivity was prepared by filling with BaTiO3 nanowires–carbon nanotubes (BTCNs) fillers. Due to effective functionalization of BaTiO3 nanowires (BTNWs) and multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), the fabricated BTCNs fillers were homogeneously dispersed in PMIA matrix. The consequence displays that the dielectric constant of PMIA composite with 15 wt % BTNWs fillers increases to 27.6 at 103 Hz, which is about nine times higher than that of pure PMIA. Moreover, owing to the high thermal conductivity of MWCNTs, the thermal conductivity of PMIA with 15 wt% BTNWs fillers increases to 1.01 W/(mK). The enhanced thermal conductivity is beneficial for BTCNs/PMIA composite to dissipate the generated heat by dielectric loss. Considering these merits, this research would provide new methods and ideas for preparation of high-temperature dielectric polymer composites and reducing the internal thermal effect.