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Fibronectin enhances tumor metastasis through B7-H3 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma
FEBS Open Bio  (IF2.693),  Pub Date : 2021-08-25, DOI: 10.1002/2211-5463.13280
Jinjing Xie, Meiyun Sun, Dongze Zhang, Chunyang Chen, Simin Lin, Guangbo Zhang

B7 homolog 3 (B7-H3) plays an important role in tumor biology, but the molecular mechanism underlying the role of B7-H3 in tumor metastasis remains unclear. In this article, our analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas database suggested that B7-H3 expression is associated with poor prognosis of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). B7-H3 knockdown affected the expression of metastasis-related genes and significantly suppressed the metastasis of ccRCC cells, but it had no significant effect on the proliferation of ccRCC cells. Database analysis revealed a strong positive correlation between B7-H3 and fibronectin (FN) in ccRCC cells, and further study also confirmed that FN interacts with B7-H3. Silencing FN expression inhibited the migration and invasion of ccRCC cells, whereas exogenous FN promoted the migration and invasion of ccRCC cells, which was accompanied by activation of kinases [namely, phosphorylated (p)-phosphoinositide 3-kinase, p-protein kinase B, p-p38 and p-extracellular regulated protein kinase]. B7-H3 knockdown abolished the prometastatic effect of FN. In conclusion, our data suggest that B7-H3 binds to exogenous FN and promotes the metastasis of ccRCC cells.