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Myosteatosis reduces overall survival in patients with digestive system malignancies: a meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis
Nutrition Research  (IF3.315),  Pub Date : 2021-08-23, DOI: 10.1016/j.nutres.2021.08.003
Yue Wang, Guangwei Tian, Song Chen, Nan Li

The impact of myosteatosis on the outcomes of digestive malignancies has gained great attention recently. However, studies on the impact of myosteatosis show inconsistent results. We conducted a meta-analysis to clarify the relationship between myosteatosis and the overall survival of digestive cancer patients. The systematic literature search was conducted on PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Embase from inception through March 27, 2021. Meta-analysis was performed using the random-effects model. Out of 3451 studies screened, 47 studies including 21,194 patients passed the screening criteria. The average prevalence of myosteatosis was 46.4%. Patients with myosteatosis had 44% increased mortality risk compared with non–myosteatosis patients (HR: 1.44, 95% CI: 1.33-1.55, P < .05). The predictive value of myosteatosis held regardless of country zone, study design, statistical model, Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) scores, treatment, sample size, and tumor stage. Nevertheless, the predictive value of myosteatosis was only evident for patients with esophagogastric cancers, cholangiocarcinoma/pancreatic cancers, or colorectal cancers. Overall, the results of this meta-analysis were robust based on sensitivity, subgroup, meta-regression, and trial sequential analyses and suggested that myosteatosis predicted worse overall survival (OS) in digestive malignancies patients.