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A comprehensive study of the effects of long-term thermal aging on the fracture resistance of cast austenitic stainless steels
Nuclear Engineering and Technology  (IF2.341),  Pub Date : 2021-08-18, DOI: 10.1016/j.net.2021.08.022
David A. Collins, Emily L. Carter, Timothy G. Lach, Thak Sang Byun

Loss of fracture resistance due to thermal aging degradation is a potential limiting factor affecting the long-term (80+ year) viability of nuclear reactors. To evaluate the effects of decades of aging in a practical time frame, accelerated aging must be employed prior to mechanical characterization. In this study, a variety of chemically and microstructurally diverse austenitic stainless steels were aged between 0-30,000 hours at 290–400 °C to simulate 0-80+ years of operation. Over 600 static fracture tests were carried out between room temperature and 400 °C. The results presented include selected J-R curves of each material as well as K0.2mm fracture toughness values mapped against aging condition and ferrite content in order to display any trends related to those variables. Results regarding differences in processing, optimal ferrite content under light aging, and the relationship between test temperature and Mo content were observed. Overall, it was found that both the ferrite volume fraction and molybdenum content had significant effects on thermal degradation susceptibility. It was determined that materials with >25vol% ferrite are unlikely to be viable for 80 years, particularly if they have high Mo contents (>2wt%), while materials less than 15vol% ferrite are viable regardless of Mo content.

This manuscript has been authored in part by UT-Battelle LLC under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 with the US Department of Energy (DOE). The US government retains and the publisher, by accepting the article for publication, acknowledges that the US government retains a nonexclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, worldwide license to publish or reproduce the published form of this manuscript, or allow others to do so, for US government purposes. DOE will provide public access to these results of federally sponsored research in accordance with the DOE Public Access Plan (http://energy.gov/downloads/doe-public-access-plan).