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Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate enhances cytokine release from group 2 innate lymphoid cells in the presence of interleukin-33
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology  (IF4.86),  Pub Date : 2021-08-18, DOI: 10.1016/j.etap.2021.103726
Akiko Honda, Megumi Nagao, Michitaka Tanaka, Wang Zaoshi, Hirohisa Takano

Epidemiological and experimental studies have shown that di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), a plasticizer, can aggravate allergic diseases. DEHP promotes adaptive immune responses, although its effect on the innate immune system remains largely unknown. The present study investigated the effects of DEHP on group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2) that produce Th2 cytokines in response to epithelial cell-derived cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-33. ILC2 (lineage-negative, CD45.2+, Sca1+, KLRG1+) were isolated from the lungs of C57BL/6 J mice. Co-exposure to DEHP and IL-33 significantly increased IL-5 release from ILC2, whose level was higher than that of the vehicle and IL-33 alone. The effects of DEHP in the presence of IL-33 showed an inverted-U dose-response. The present is the first report showing that DEHP exacerbates allergy through the innate immune system.