A novel chiral selector polyacrylic acid-β-cyclodextrin (PAA-β-CD) was successfully prepared, then a facile synthesis of PAA-β-CD stationary phase based on diazotized silica was developed and characterized. Monodisperse silica microspheres were synthesized by a modified Stöber method. The obtained silica particles were functionalized by self-assembly positive charged photosensitive diazoresin (DR) and PAA-β-CD on the surface. The corresponding chiral stationary phase (CSP) was used in HPLC and the enantioseparation performance was investigated in both polar organic and reverse phase mode. Better separation abilities and excellent enantio-selectivities were obtained on PAA-β-CD CSP for antihistamine drugs in the acetonitrile and triethylammonium acetate buffer mobile phase.
Abbreviations: AIBN: azodiisobutyronitrile; β-CD: b-cyclodextrin; β-CD-NH2: amino-β-CDcyclodextrin; β-CD-OTs: sulfonyl-b-cyclodextrin; CD: cyclodextrin; CSP: chiral stationary phase; DCC: dicyclohexyl carbimide; DR: diazoresin; MeOH: methanol; NMP: N-methyl pyrrolidone; PAA: polyacrylic acid; PAA-β-CD: polyacrylic acid-β-cyclodextrin; TEAA: triethylammonium acetate; TEOS: tetraethyl orthosilicate