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Handcuffing intrinsically disordered regions in Mlh1–Pms1 disrupts mismatch repair
Nucleic Acids Research  (IF16.971),  Pub Date : 2021-08-14, DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkab694
Furman C, Wang T, Zhao Q, et al.

The DNA mismatch repair (MMR) factor Mlh1–Pms1 contains long intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs) whose exact functions remain elusive. We performed cross-linking mass spectrometry to identify interactions within Mlh1–Pms1 and used this information to insert FRB and FKBP dimerization domains into their IDRs. Baker's yeast strains bearing these constructs were grown with rapamycin to induce dimerization. A strain containing FRB and FKBP domains in the Mlh1 IDR displayed a complete defect in MMR when grown with rapamycin. but removing rapamycin restored MMR functions. Strains in which FRB was inserted into the IDR of one MLH subunit and FKBP into the other subunit were also MMR defective. The MLH complex containing FRB and FKBP domains in the Mlh1 IDR displayed a rapamycin-dependent defect in Mlh1–Pms1 endonuclease activity. In contrast, linking the Mlh1 and Pms1 IDRs through FRB-FKBP dimerization inappropriately activated Mlh1–Pms1 endonuclease activity. We conclude that dynamic and coordinated rearrangements of the MLH IDRs both positively and negatively regulate how the MLH complex acts in MMR. The application of the FRB-FKBP dimerization system to interrogate in vivo functions of a critical repair complex will be useful for probing IDRs in diverse enzymes and to probe transient loss of MMR on demand.