Daniel Claudino, Bo Peng, Nicholas P Bauman, Karol Kowalski, Travis S Humble

The still-maturing noisy intermediate-scale quantum technology faces strict limitations on the algorithms that can be implemented efficiently. In the realm of quantum chemistry, the variational quantum eigensolver (VQE) algorithm has become ubiquitous, with many variations. Alternatively, a promising new avenue has been unraveled by the quantum variants of techniques grounded on expansions of the moments of the Hamiltonian, notably the connected moments expansion (CMX) and the Peeters–Devreese–Soldatov (PDS) energy functional. Common to those approaches is that, upon preparing an approximate ground state used to compute the necessary moments, the accuracy of the estimated ground state energy depends on the degree of overlap between the prepared state and the true ground state. Thus, we use the ADAPT-VQE algorithm to test shallow circuit construction strategies for the purpose of increasing the overlap with the exact ground state, validated by the sizable accuracy improvement herein reported in the PDS and CMX ground state energies. We also show that we can take advantage of the fact that the terms to be measured are highly recurring in different moments, incurring a substantial reduction in the number of necessary measurements. By coupling this measurement caching with a threshold that determines whether a given term is to be measured based on its associated scalar coefficient, we observe a further reduction in the number of circuit implementations while allowing for tunable accuracy.