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Hybrid MEMS-CMOS ion traps for NISQ computing
Quantum Science and Technology  (IF5.994),  Pub Date : 2021-06-24, DOI: 10.1088/2058-9565/ac01bb
M G Blain, R Haltli, P Maunz, C D Nordquist, M Revelle, D Stick

Surging interest in engineering quantum computers has stimulated significant and focused research on technologies needed to make them manufacturable and scalable. In the ion trap realm this has led to a transition from bulk three-dimensional macro-scale traps to chip-based ion traps and included important demonstrations of passive and active electronics, waveguides, detectors, and other integrated components. At the same time as these technologies are being developed the system sizes are demanding more ions to run noisy intermediate scale quantum (NISQ) algorithms, growing from around ten ions today to potentially a hundred or more in the near future. To realize the size and features needed for this growth, the geometric and material design space of microfabricated ion traps must expand. In this paper we describe present limitations and the approaches needed to overcome them, including how geometric complexity drives the number of metal levels, why routing congestion affects the size and location of shunting capacitors, and how RF power dissipation can limit the size of the trap array. We also give recommendations for future research needed to accommodate the demands of NISQ scale ion traps that are integrated with additional technologies.