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Tau Seeds in Extracellular Vesicles Induce Tau Accumulation in Degradative Organelles of Cells
DNA and Cell Biology  (IF3.311),  Pub Date : 2021-09-09, DOI: 10.1089/dna.2021.0485
Giona Pedrioli, Marialuisa Barberis, Claudia Magrin, Diego Morone, Ester Piovesana, Giorgia Senesi, Martina Sola, Stéphanie Papin, Paolo Paganetti

Clinical progression of tauopathies may result from transcellular propagation of pathogenic Tau seeds with the possible involvement of extracellular vesicles (EVs) as transport vectors. We established a cell model for investigating EV delivery of proteins, since the mechanism regulating EV cargo delivery to recipient cells is poorly understood. In our cell model, EVs are readily internalized and accumulate in degradative organelles (DOs). We then show for the first time that in this acidic compartment, profibrillogenic Tau delivered by EVs interacts with Tau expressed by the recipient cells and cause its accumulation by a process that involves the participation of autophagy. Thus, the degradative compartment of cells may represent the subcellular site initiating a cascade of events resulting in early hallmarks of tauopathies. These are characterized by seeded Tau accumulation, pathology-associated epitopes, DO stress, and cytotoxicity. The involvement of autophagy to this process and the relative accessibility of the degradative pathway for extracellular agents, support possible modes of intervention to slow down the progression of neurodegeneration.