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Osteoarticular vascular corrosion casting using industrial polyurethane for the 3D representation of the vascular tree on human knee
Annals of Anatomy  (IF2.698),  Pub Date : 2021-08-12, DOI: 10.1016/j.aanat.2021.151816
Fatos Ramadani, Daniel Petek, Moritz Tannast, Luis Filgueira

Vascular casting is a widely used method for the representation of body vascularization. Many different injection materials have been described throughout the time to enhance the arterial vascular supply within a specifically defined anatomical location. The use of industrial polyurethane has been recently evaluated and applied to animal and human anatomy. The aim of this study was to confirm the safe and reliable use of industrial polyurethane in knee specimen in order to obtain a three-dimensional vascular tree of the distal femur. 10 fresh-frozen knees (mid-thigh to mid tibia) were used to assess the vascularity around the femoral condyles. Industrial polyurethane foam (Soudal™ foam) was diluted with acetone in order to obtain a runny fluid, easy to inject. After injection, the knees were bathed in a 10% NaOH solution, heated at 30°. The corrosion process took from 20 to 24 h and allowed all the soft tissue surrounding the knee to be subsided, leaving only the bone with polyurethane vascular architecture. After soft tissue corrosion, the vascular network around the knees was easily identified underlying the relation of the vessels to the bone. Even small arterioles (diameter< 1 mm) were distinguished with a good resistance to breakage. Corrosion casting remains an easy and reliable alternative to dissection for the understanding of tissue perfusion as the handling of the polyurethane is easy and has low costs. The described author’s method can be used osteo-articular specimen as well as in other organs. The protocol of injection and corrosion needs however to be adapted to the different specimen and anatomical location. Polyurethane associated to acetone can safely be used as injection material in order to demonstrate the vascularity of a specimen and remains easy to use.