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Does socioeconomic status affect fruit and vegetable intake? Evidence from a cross-sectional analysis of the RaNCD Cohort
International Journal of Fruit Science  (IF1.359),  Pub Date : 2021-08-09, DOI: 10.1080/15538362.2021.1932692


The purpose of this study is to investigate socioeconomic inequality in fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake and contributing factors. Data of 9981 participants from the recruitment phase of Ravansar Non-Communicable Diseases (RaNCD) cohort study were included in the final analysis. The concentration index was calculated to measure the inequality. The prevalence of adequate F&V intake was 55.8% and concentration index was 0.178, indicating that more people in the higher SES group are consuming enough F&V. Place of residence, followed by SES, had the greatest contribution to F&V intake inequality in the west of Iran. It is suggested that villagers and the poor be the target group for interventions to increase fruit and vegetable access.