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Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Current report on the prevalence of free-living amoebae (FLA) in natural hot springs: a systematic review
Journal of Water & Health  (IF1.744),  Pub Date : 2021-08-01, DOI: 10.2166/wh.2021.101
Mary Rachael Leigh Fabros, Xyleen Rianne Shae Diesta, John Anthony Oronan, Kim Sofia Verdejo, Joe-Anna Sheilla Marie Garcia, Ma. Sophia Romey, Giovanni De Jesus Milanez

The occurrence of potentially pathogenic free-living amoebae (FLA) in natural hot springs is considered a public health concern. FLAs are known to cause serious health outcomes to a wide spectrum of mammalian hosts. The present study aimed to provide the distribution of isolated cases of FLAs in hot springs through a systematic review process of available published articles online. Relevant studies are published between January 2010 and January 2020 involving the isolation of Naegleria spp., Acanthamoeba spp., Balamuthia spp., Sappinia spp., and Vermamoeba spp. in natural hot springs in the United States, South America, North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. Articles were identified through a search of PubMed and Google Scholar databases. Out of 94 articles screened, a total of 20 articles are included in the study with consideration of established inclusion and exclusion criteria. The most common FLAs isolated in hot springs are Acanthamoeba spp. (134; 48.5%) and Naegleria spp. (127; 46.0%). Other FLAs isolated in hot springs include Balamuthia spp. (2; 0.7%) and Vermamoeba spp. (13; 4.7%). FLA in hot springs used for recreational and medical purposes is a potential source of infection. It is recommended that strict surveillance and maintenance of hot springs be implemented to prevent potential future infection.