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Toward controlled geometric structure and surface property heterogeneities of TiO2 for lipase immobilization
Process Biochemistry  (IF3.757),  Pub Date : 2021-08-06, DOI: 10.1016/j.procbio.2021.08.004
Wenfeng Zhou, Xiaohong Zhou, Wei Zhuang, Rijia Lin, Ye Zhao, Lei Ge, Ming Li, Jinglan Wu, Pengpeng Yang, Hongman Zhang, Chenjie Zhu, Hanjie Ying

To effectively immobilize an enzyme while maintaining its high activity and stability, the design of supports with controlled geometric structures and heterogeneous surface properties is desirable. Towards this goal, heterogeneous titanium dioxide (TiO2) surfaces with controlled pore sizes were synthesized in this study and used to efficiently immobilize lipase. The immobilized lipase activity increased by a factor of 1.31 with an increase in the TiO2 pore size from 11.46 to 21.14 nm. The highest protein loading of 15.52 mg/g was achieved in ethenyl triethoxy silane (ETS)-modified TiO2 (E-P25) after immobilizing the enzymes at 30 ℃, pH 7.33 for 3 h and using a protein concentration in solution of 0.176 mg/mL. Among the different surface functionalities, the highest activity yield of 428.04 % was accomplished by using TiO2 calcinated at 650 ℃ and modified by ETS as immobilization support. The immobilized enzymes showed excellent storage stability and retained almost 95 % of their activity after being stored at 4 ℃ for 8 weeks. This research provides experimental evidence that highlights the importance of studying of enzyme immobilization on the supports with synergistically designed geometric structures and surface chemical properties.