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Long-range supercurrents through a chiral non-collinear antiferromagnet in lateral Josephson junctions
Nature Materials  (IF43.841),  Pub Date : 2021-08-05, DOI: 10.1038/s41563-021-01061-9
Jeon, Kun-Rok, Hazra, Binoy Krishna, Cho, Kyungjune, Chakraborty, Anirban, Jeon, Jae-Chun, Han, Hyeon, Meyerheim, Holger L., Kontos, Takis, Parkin, Stuart S. P.

The proximity-coupling of a chiral non-collinear antiferromagnet (AFM)1,2,3,4,5 with a singlet superconductor allows spin-unpolarized singlet Cooper pairs to be converted into spin-polarized triplet pairs6,7,8, thereby enabling non-dissipative, long-range spin correlations9,10,11,12,13,14. The mechanism of this conversion derives from fictitious magnetic fields that are created by a non-zero Berry phase15 in AFMs with non-collinear atomic-scale spin arrangements1,2,3,4,5. Here we report long-ranged lateral Josephson supercurrents through an epitaxial thin film of the triangular chiral AFM Mn3Ge (refs. 3,4,5). The Josephson supercurrents in this chiral AFM decay by approximately one to two orders of magnitude slower than would be expected for singlet pair correlations9,10,11,12,13,14 and their response to an external magnetic field reflects a clear spatial quantum interference. Given the long-range supercurrents present in both single- and mixed-phase Mn3Ge, but absent in a collinear AFM IrMn16, our results pave a way for the topological generation of spin-polarized triplet pairs6,7,8 via Berry phase engineering15 of the chiral AFMs.