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Evaluation of a Clinic Dedicated to People Aging with HIV at Chelsea and Westminster Hospital: Results of a 10-Year Experience
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses  (IF2.205),  Pub Date : 2021-08-13, DOI: 10.1089/aid.2021.0083
Branca Pereira, Maria Mazzitelli, Ana Milinkovic, Christina Casley, Javier Rubio, Rachel Channa, Nicolo Girometti, David Asboe, Anton Pozniak, Marta Boffito

Successful management of HIV infection as a chronic condition has resulted in a demographic shift where the proportion of people living with HIV (PLWH) older than 50 years is steadily increasing. A dedicated clinic to PLWH older than 50 years was established at Chelsea and Westminster Hospital in January 2009 and then extended to HIV services across the directorate. We report the results of a service evaluation reviewing 10 years of activities of this clinic between January 2009 and 2019. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of major noninfectious comorbidities, polypharmacy (≥5 medications), and multimorbidity (≥2 non-HIV-related comorbidities) and describe algorithms devised for use in HIV outpatient clinics across the directorate. A cohort of 744 PLWH older than 50 years attending this service were analyzed (93% male; mean age of 56 ± 5.5 years; 84% white ethnicity); 97.7% were on antiretroviral treatment and 95.9% had undetectable HIV-RNA at the time of evaluation. The most common comorbidities diagnosed were dyslipidemia (50.1%), hypertension (21.5%), mental health disorders (depression and/or anxiety disorders, 15.7%), osteoporosis (12.2%), obesity (11.9%), chronic kidney disease (7.5%), and diabetes (5.8%). Low vitamin D levels were found in 62% of patients [43% with vitamin D deficiency (<40 mmol/liter) and 57% with vitamin D insufficiency (40–70 mmol/liter)]. The overall prevalence of polypharmacy and multimorbidity was 46.6% and 69.3%, respectively. This study showed significant rates of non-HIV-related comorbidities and polypharmacy in PLWH older than 50 years, leading on to the implementation of clinical care pathways and new joint HIV/specialty clinics (cardiology, nephrology, neurology, metabolic, menopause, and geriatric) to improve prevention, diagnosis, and management of major comorbidities in people aging with HIV.