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Substrate availability regulates the suppressive effects of Canada goldenrod invasion on soil respiration
Journal of Plant Ecology  (IF1.774),  Pub Date : 2021-07-08, DOI: 10.1093/jpe/rtab073
Hu Z, Zhang J, Du Y, et al.

Abstract
Aims
Invasive alien plants cannot only decrease riparian vegetation diversity but also alter wetland ecosystem carbon processes, especially when they displace the original vegetation. Invasive Canada goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) has colonized large areas of disturbed and undisturbed land in southeastern China, yet little is known regarding how it affects soil carbon cycling. To explore the response patterns of soil respiration following S. canadensis invasion and their driving mechanisms, an observational field study and a greenhouse experiment simulating invasion were performed.
Methods
In the field study, soil respiration was measured weekly from 21 th of July to 15 th of December 2018. In the greenhouse experiment, soil respiration, autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration was measured every 1 st and 15 th of the month 15 th of July to 15 th of December 2019. Soil, autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration were measured using a closed-chamber system with the deep gauze collar root exclusion method.
Important Findings
Solidago canadensis invasion appeared to decrease the total soil CO2 emissions in both the field study and the greenhouse experiment. The suppressive effects on soil respiration may be attributed to S. canadensis invasion-induced alterations in the quality and quantity of available soil substrate, suggesting that S. canadensis invasion may impact soil carbon cycling via plant-released substrates and by competing for the soil available substrate with native plant and/or soil microbes. These results have substantial implications for estimations of the effects of invasive plants on belowground carbon dynamics and their contribution to the warming world.