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Effect of radial inflow distortion on the performance of a highly loaded tandem stage
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy  (IF1.882),  Pub Date : 2021-07-08, DOI: 10.1177/09576509211031680
Amit Kumar, AM Pradeep

Engine size and weight optimization have always been high-priority design objectives for designers. Compressors occupy a relatively large part of the gas turbine engine. Owing to the adverse pressure gradient in the compressor, achieving the required pressure ratio within fewer stages has been a challenging task for compressor designers. Tandem blading is one of the novel concepts, which could be used to increase the pressure ratio by means of higher flow turning through the blade passages. This paper presents the performance characteristics of a tandem stage based on results from experiments and numerical analyses. The investigation is further extended to analyze the effect of a radial hub and tip distortion on the performance of the tandem stage. The experimental results are very well supported with some interesting numerical results, particularly near the hub and tip region. It is observed that the tandem stage demonstrates higher pressure rise and stall margin under clean inflow. The tandem stage is also observed to be more sensitive to radial distortion leading to a significant loss in the total pressure and the stall margin.