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Analysis of the relationship between turbulence characteristics and loss mechanism in the tip leakage flow of turbine blade
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy  (IF1.882),  Pub Date : 2021-07-08, DOI: 10.1177/09576509211032077
Hui Li, Xinrong Su, Xin Yuan

The tip leakage flow passed over the tip clearance makes the flow very complicated near the tip gap, and the interaction of the tip leakage vortex and endwall vortex enhances the instability of the flow. Accurately capturing detailed flow structures and investigating the relationship between the flow structures and loss are beneficial for understanding the flow physics and providing guidance on reducing the loss. Due to the conventional Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) methods is limited to predict the complex turbulence structures of the tip clearance flow, high fidelity simulation approaches are needed. In this work, the hybrid RANS/Large Eddy Simulation (LES) is adopted to simulate the tip leakage flow in linear cascade and demonstrates its ability to capture the small-scale flow structures. With the POD method, the time-averaged flow field and the dominating modes are obtained. Based on the analysis of the POD modes, it is found that the induced vortex generated by the interaction between the leakage vortex and the endwall vortex has strong turbulence characteristics. Based on the entropy generation rates, viscous loss mechanism is further analyzed. It is found that the shear strain rates dominate the viscous dissipation losses, and the fluctuation dissipation has a strong local enhancement effect.