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Is the Superfruit Dates (Phoenix Dactylifera L.) Meant for High End Consumers?
International Journal of Fruit Science  (IF1.359),  Pub Date : 2021-07-07, DOI: 10.1080/15538362.2021.1936344
Asmaddy Haris, Aimi Fadzirul Kamarubahrin, Syadiyah Abdul Shukor, Zurina Kefeli, @ Zulkefli, Nursilah Ahmad, Siti Nurazira Mohd Daud, Nurul Aini Muhamed, Abu Hassan Makmun Abdul Qadir

ABSTRACT

Superfruit refers to food items with exceptional health benefits. The study aims to determine the factors that influence the intention of Malaysians to consume dates; to compare the consumption patterns of dates between the B40 and non-B40 groups; and to explore both groups’ willingness to pay when date prices decrease or increase. Employing the survey research design, 329 survey questionnaires were collected and analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM) and descriptive statistics. The results showed that attitude was not a significant predictor of intention to consume dates, but subjective norm significantly and positively predicted intention. The consumption patterns of B40 and non-B40 consumers were contrasting: The share of regular B40 consumers was lower than that of non-B40, while the group’s non-consumers were higher. The non-B40 group, relative to the B40 group, was more willing to pay higher prices for all types of dates, likely due to the former’s higher income level. Based on these findings, marketing managers should target health-conscious consumers so that they can encourage their friends and families to consume dates.