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Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Do modified live virus vaccines against bovine viral diarrhea induce fetal cross-protection against HoBi-like Pestivirus?
Veterinary Microbiology  (IF3.293),  Pub Date : 2021-07-07, DOI: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2021.109178
Stefano Nardelli, Nicola Decaro, Ilaria Belfanti, Maria Stella Lucente, Monica Giammarioli, Monica Mion, Laura Lucchese, Marco Martini, Mattia Cecchinato, Mattia Schiavo, Leonardo Occhiogrosso, Marcello Lora, Canio Buonavoglia, Letizia Ceglie

Bovine Pestivirus heterogeneity is a major challenge for vaccines against bovine viral diarrhea (BVD). In breeding herds, fetal protection is a high priority issue. To some degree, fetal infections in vaccinated heifers have been attributed to the antigenic diversity of bovine Pestiviruses. The purpose of this study was to assess fetal protection against a divergent bovine Pestivirus (Hobi-like Pestivirus, HoBiPeV) with a commercially available modified live vaccine (MLV) claiming fetal protection against BVDV 1 and BVDV 2 up to one year after the first inoculation. Five vaccinated and four unvaccinated heifers were challenged by intranasal inoculation with the HoBiPeV Italy-1/10-1 strain between 82 and 89 days after insemination, i.e. between 4 and 6 months after vaccination. At challenge, neutralizing antibody titers to HoBiPeV in vaccinated heifers were low or even undetectable. Of the four unvaccinated heifers, one control animal aborted (fetus not available) and the remaining three gave birth to HoBiPeV positive calves. Among the heifers of the vaccinated group, one aborted the fetus in the sixth month of pregnancy, which tested Pestivirus negative, while three others gave birth to healthy, HoBiPeV negative calves; the remaining heifer delivered one HoBiPeV positive calf. The results suggest that the BVDV vaccine might be able to elicit a partial fetal protection against HobiPeV, even in absence of a strong specific antibody response.