Irisin, the cleaved form of the fibronectin type III domain containing 5 (FNDC5) protein, is involved in metabolism and inflammation. Recent findings indicated that irisin participated in cardiovascular physiology and pathology. In this study, we investigated the effects of FNDC5/irisin on diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) in type 2 diabetic db/db mice. Downregulation of myocardial FNDC5/irisin protein expression and plasma irisin levels was observed in db/db mice compared to db/+ controls. Moreover, echocardiography revealed that db/db mice exhibited normal cardiac systolic function and impaired diastolic function. Adverse structural remodeling, including cardiomyocyte apoptosis, myocardial fibrosis, and cardiac hypertrophy were observed in the hearts of db/db mice. Sixteen-week-old db/db mice were intramyocardially injected with adenovirus encoding FNDC5 or treated with recombinant human irisin via a peritoneal implant osmotic pump for 4 weeks. Both overexpression of myocardial FNDC5 and exogenous irisin administration attenuated diastolic dysfunction and cardiac structural remodeling in db/db mice. Results from in vitro studies revealed that FNDC5/irisin protein expression was decreased in high glucose (HG)/high fat (HF)-treated cardiomyocytes. Increased levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2), 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT), reactive oxygen species (ROS), and peroxynitrite (ONOO−) in HG/HF-treated H9C2 cells provided evidence of oxidative/nitrosative stress, which was alleviated by treatment with FNDC5/irisin. Moreover, the mitochondria membrane potential (ΔΨm) was decreased and cytochrome C was released from mitochondria with increased levels of cleaved caspase-3 in HG/HF-treated H9C2 cells, indicating the presence of mitochondria-dependent apoptosis, which was partially reversed by FNDC5/irisin treatment. Mechanistic studies showed that activation of integrin αVβ5-AKT signaling and attenuation of oxidative/nitrosative stress were responsible for the cardioprotective effects of FNDC5/irisin. Therefore, FNDC5/irisin mediates cardioprotection in DCM by inhibiting myocardial apoptosis, myocardial fibrosis, and cardiac hypertrophy. These findings implicate that FNDC5/irisin as a potential therapeutic intervention for DCM, especially in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).