Example：10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Do You Know that I Know that You Know…? Higher-Order Beliefs in Survey Data* The Quarterly Journal of Economics (IF11.375), Pub Date : 2021-01-30, DOI: 10.1093/qje/qjab005 Coibion O, Gorodnichenko Y, Kumar S, et al.
We implement a new survey of firms, focusing on their higher-order macroeconomic expectations. The survey provides a novel set of stylized facts regarding the relationship between first-order and higher-order expectations of economic agents, including how they adjust their beliefs in response to a variety of information treatments. We show how these facts can be used to calibrate key parameters of noisy-information models with infinite regress as well as to test predictions made by this class of models. We also consider a range of extensions to the basic noisy-information model that can potentially better reconcile theory and empirics. Although some extensions like level-k thinking are unsuccessful, incorporating heterogeneous long-run priors can address the empirical shortcomings of the basic noisy-information model.