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Variable Selection with Second-Generation P-Values
The American Statistician  (IF8.71),  Pub Date : 2021-06-30, DOI: 10.1080/00031305.2021.1946150
Yi Zuo, Thomas G. Stewart, Jeffrey D. Blume


Many statistical methods have been proposed for variable selection in the past century, but few balance inference and prediction tasks well. Here we report on a novel variable selection approach called Penalized regression with Second-Generation P-Values (ProSGPV). It captures the true model at the best rate achieved by current standards, is easy to implement in practice, and often yields the smallest parameter estimation error. The idea is to use an 0 penalization scheme with second-generation p-values (SGPV), instead of traditional ones, to determine which variables remain in a model. The approach yields tangible advantages for balancing support recovery, parameter estimation, and prediction tasks. The ProSGPV algorithm can maintain its good performance even when there is strong collinearity among features or when a high dimensional feature space with p > n is considered. We present extensive simulations and a real-world application comparing the ProSGPV approach with smoothly clipped absolute deviation (SCAD), adaptive lasso (AL), and minimax concave penalty with penalized linear unbiased selection (MC+). While the last three algorithms are among the current standards for variable selection, ProSGPV has superior inference performance and comparable prediction performance in certain scenarios. Supplementary materials are available online.