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Structure–Activity Relationship Studies of Antimicrobial Naphthoquinones Derived from Constituents of Tabebuia avellanedae
Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin  (IF1.645),  Pub Date : 2021-07-01, DOI: 10.1248/cpb.c21-00208
Mitsuaki Yamashita, Jun Sawano, Ryuji Umeda, Ayuka Tatsumi, Yuko Kumeda, Akira Iida

In this study, based on our previous study, derivatives of naphtho[2,3-b]furan-4,9-diones were synthesized and their antimicrobial activities were evaluated. The screening of these naphthoquinones revealed that the fluorine-containing NQ008 compound exhibited potent and broad antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive bacteria including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Gram-negative bacteria, and fungi. The results of the ratio of the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) to the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and time–kill assays suggest that the mode of action of NQ008 is bactericidal. Additionally, the results of a drug resistance study revealed that NQ008 exhibited potent antibacterial activity and may delay the development of bacteria resistance. Furthermore, NQ008 exhibited preliminary antiviral activity against the swine influenza virus and Feline calicivirus.

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