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Static Magnetic Stimulation Induces Changes in the Oxidative Status and Cell Viability Parameters in a Primary Culture Model of Astrocytes
Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics  (IF2.194),  Pub Date : 2021-06-27, DOI: 10.1007/s12013-021-01015-7
Caroline Crespo da Costa, Léo Anderson Meira Martins, André Peres Koth, Jéssica Marques Obelar Ramos, Fátima Theresinha Costa Rodrigues Guma, Cleverson Moraes de Oliveira, Nathália Stark Pedra, Geferson Fischer, Eduarda Santa Helena, Carolina Rosa Gioda, Paulo Roberto Stefani Sanches, Antonio Sergio Varela Junior, Mayara Sandrielly Pereira Soares, Rosélia Maria Spanevello, Giovana Duzzo Gamaro, Izabel Cristina Custódio de Souza

Astrocytes play an important role in the central nervous system function and may contribute to brain plasticity response during static magnetic fields (SMF) brain therapy. However, most studies evaluate SMF stimulation in brain plasticity while few studies evaluate the consequences of SMF at the cellular level. Thus, we here evaluate the effects of SMF at 305 mT (medium-intensity) in a primary culture of healthy/normal cortical astrocytes obtained from neonatal (1 to 2-day-old) Wistar rats. After reaching confluence, cells were daily subjected to SMF stimulation for 5 min, 15 min, 30 min, and 40 min during 7 consecutive days. Oxidative stress parameters, cell cycle, cell viability, and mitochondrial function were analyzed. The antioxidant capacity was reduced in groups stimulated for 5 and 40 min. Although no difference was observed in the enzymatic activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase or the total thiol content, lipid peroxidation was increased in all stimulated groups. The cell cycle was changed after 40 min of SMF stimulation while 15, 30, and 40 min led cells to death by necrosis. Mitochondrial function was reduced after SMF stimulation, although imaging analysis did not reveal substantial changes in the mitochondrial network. Results mainly revealed that SMF compromised healthy astrocytes’ oxidative status and viability. This finding reveals how important is to understand the SMF stimulation at the cellular level since this therapeutic approach has been largely used against neurological and psychiatric diseases.