Find Paper, Faster
Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Modeling of Personalized Anatomy Using Plastic Strains
ACM Transactions on Graphics   (IF6.495),  Pub Date : 2021-06-21, DOI: 10.1145/3443703
Bohan Wang, George Matcuk, Jernej Barbič

We present a method for modeling solid objects undergoing large spatially varying and/or anisotropic strains, and use it to reconstruct human anatomy from medical images. Our novel shape deformation method uses plastic strains and the finite element method to successfully model shapes undergoing large and/or anisotropic strains, specified by sparse point constraints on the boundary of the object. We extensively compare our method to standard second-order shape deformation methods, variational methods, and surface-based methods, and demonstrate that our method avoids the spikiness, wiggliness, and other artifacts of previous methods. We demonstrate how to perform such shape deformation both for attached and un-attached (“free flying”) objects, using a novel method to solve linear systems with singular matrices with a known nullspace. Although our method is applicable to general large-strain shape deformation modeling, we use it to create personalized 3D triangle and volumetric meshes of human organs, based on magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography scans. Given a medically accurate anatomy template of a generic individual, we optimize the geometry of the organ to match the magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography scan of a specific individual. Our examples include human hand muscles, a liver, a hip bone, and a gluteus medius muscle (“hip abductor”).