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The impact of linguistic diversity on students’ reading comprehension using different diversity measures and its’ differential effects depending on students’ migration background
International Journal of Educational Research  (IF1.976),  Pub Date : 2021-06-15, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijer.2021.101796
Stefanie Dotzel, Meike Bonefeld, Karina Karst

This paper examines the effects of linguistic diversity on students’ learning with a sample of 1603 5th grade students and 65 classes. Combining the theories of Piaget's concept of disequilibrium, language awareness and cognitive load , we investigated whether a class's linguistic diversity influences students’ reading comprehension and whether effects are different for students with and without migration background. Analyses were computed with three diversity measures, each calculated twice: based on the language(s) spoken with parents; and based on the language(s) spoken with friends. Multilevel regression analyses revealed that linguistic diversity increases students’ reading comprehension. Students with migration background had lower benefits than those without a migration background . The significance of results was independent of the diversity measure used.