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Ionic liquid-based in situ product removal design exemplified for an acetone–butanol–ethanol fermentation
Biotechnology Progress  (IF2.681),  Pub Date : 2021-06-15, DOI: 10.1002/btpr.3183
Yuqiu Chen, Nipun Garg, Hao Luo, Georgios M. Kontogeorgis, John M. Woodley

Selecting an appropriate separation technique is essential for the application of in situ product removal (ISPR) technology in biological processes. In this work, a three-stage systematic design method is proposed as a guide to integrate ionic liquid (IL)-based separation techniques into ISPR. This design method combines the selection of a suitable ISPR processing scheme, the optimal design of an IL-based liquid–liquid extraction (LLE) system followed by process simulation and evaluation. As a proof of concept, results for a conventional acetone–butanol–ethanol fermentation are presented (40,000 ton/year butanol production). In this application, ILs tetradecyl(trihexyl)phosphonium tetracyanoborate ([TDPh][TCB]) and tetraoctylammonium 2-methyl-1-naphthoate ([TOA] [MNaph]) are identified as the optimal solvents from computer-aided IL design (CAILD) method and reported experimental data, respectively. The dynamic simulation results for the fermentation process show that, the productivity of IL-based in situ (fed-batch) process and in situ (batch) process is around 2.7 and 1.8fold that of base case. Additionally, the IL-based in situ (fed-batch) process and in situ (batch) process also have significant energy savings (79.6% and 77.6%) when compared to the base case.