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A 3D Non-Stationary Channel Model for 6G Wireless Systems Employing Intelligent Reflecting Surfaces With Practical Phase Shifts
IEEE Transactions on Cognitive Communications and Networking  (IF4.341),  Pub Date : 2021-04-26, DOI: 10.1109/tccn.2021.3075438
Yingzhuo Sun, Cheng-Xiang Wang, Jie Huang, Jun Wang

In this paper, a three-dimensional (3D) geometry-based stochastic model (GBSM) for a massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication system employing practical discrete intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) is proposed. The proposed channel model supports the scenario where both transceivers and environments move. The evolution of clusters in the space domain and the practical discrete phase shifts are considered in the channel model. The steering vector is set at the base station for the cooperation with IRS. Through studying statistical properties, the non-stationary properties are verified. We find that IRS plays a role in separating the whole channel and makes the absolute value of time autocorrelation function (ACF) larger than the situation without employing IRS. Time ACF of the case using discrete phase shifts is also compared with the continuous case.