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Lysophosphatidic Acid Regulates Rho Family of GTPases in Lungs
Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics  (IF2.194),  Pub Date : 2021-06-10, DOI: 10.1007/s12013-021-00993-y
Kevin C. Tran, Jing Zhao

The bio-active lipid, lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) interacts with various lysophosphatidic acid receptors (LPARs) to affect a variety of cellular functions, including proliferation, differentiation, survival, migration, morphogenesis and others. The Rho family of small GTPases, is well-known downstream signaling pathways activated by LPA. Among the Rho GTPases, RhoA, Rac1, and Cdc42 are best characterized and LPA-induced activation of the GTPases RhoA, Rac1, and Cdc42 influences a wide range of cellular processes and functions such as cell differentiation, contractile movements, cellular migration, or infiltration. In this review, we will briefly discuss the interplay between LPA and each of these three Rho family proteins, summarizing the main interactions between them. Our discussion will focus mainly on their interplay within lung endothelial and epithelial cells, drawing attention to how these interactions may contribute to pro-inflammatory processes.