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EXPRESS: Characterization of Drug Resistance in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Cells Based on Laser Tweezers Raman Spectroscopy
Applied Spectroscopy  (IF2.388),  Pub Date : 2021-06-02, DOI: 10.1177/00037028211024581
Qian Zhang, Minlu Ye, Lingyan Wang, Dongmei Jiang, Shuting Yao, Donghong Lin, Yang Chen, shangyuan Feng, Ting Yang, Jianda Hu

Multidrug resistance (MDR) is highly associated with poor prognosis of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). This work aims to explore whether the laser tweezers Raman spectroscopy (LTRS) could be practical in separating adriamycin (ADR) resistance CML cells K562/ADR from its parental cells K562, and to explore the potential mechanisms. Detection of LTRS initially reflected the spectral differences caused by chemoresistance including bands assigned to carbohydrates, amino acid, protein, lipids and nucleic acid. In addition, principal components analysis (PCA) as well as the classification and regression trees (CRT) algorithms showed that the specificity and sensitivity were above 90%. Moreover, the band data-based CRT model and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve further determined some important bands and band intensity ratios to be reliable indexes in discriminating K562 chemoresistance status. Finally, we highlighted three metabolism pathways correlated with chemoresistance. This work demonstrates that the label-free LTRS analysis combined with multivariate statistical analyses have great potential to be a novel analytical strategy at the single-cell level for rapid evaluation the chemoresistance status of K562 cells.