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New trends in the development of multifunctional peptides to functionalize biomaterials
Journal of Peptide Science  (IF1.905),  Pub Date : 2021-05-24, DOI: 10.1002/psc.3335
Lluís Oliver-Cervelló, Helena Martin-Gómez, Carlos Mas-Moruno

Improving cell-material interactions is a major goal in tissue engineering. In this regard, functionalization of biomaterials with cell instructive molecules from the extracellular matrix stands out as a powerful strategy to enhance their bioactivity and achieve optimal tissue integration. However, current functionalization strategies, like the use of native full-length proteins, are associated with drawbacks, thus urging the need of developing new methodologies. In this regard, the use of synthetic peptides encompassing specific bioactive regions of proteins represents a promising alternative. In particular, the combination of peptide sequences with complementary or synergistic effects makes it possible to address more than one biological target at the biomaterial surface. In this review, an overview of the main strategies using peptides to install multifunctionality on biomaterials is presented, mostly focusing on the combination of the RGD motif with other peptides sequences. The evolution of these approaches, starting from simple methods, like using peptide mixtures, to more advanced systems of peptide presentation, with very well defined chemical properties, are explained. For each system of peptide's presentation, three main aspects of multifunctionality—improving receptor selectivity, mimicking the extracellular matrix and preventing bacterial colonization while improving cell adhesion—are highlighted.