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Use of Innovative SPECT Techniques in the Presurgical Evaluation of Patients with Nonlesional Extratemporal Drug-Resistant Epilepsy.
Molecular Imaging  (IF4.488),  Pub Date : 2021-03-02, DOI: 10.1155/2021/6614356
Ahmed Yassin,Khalid El-Salem,Abdel-Hameed Al-Mistarehi,Aiman Momani,Anas M Zein Alaabdin,Palak Shah,James Michael Mountz,Anto I Bagić

Up to 30% of patients with epilepsy may not respond to antiepileptic drugs. Patients with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) should undergo evaluation for seizure onset zone (SOZ) localization to consider surgical treatment. Cases of drug-resistant nonlesional extratemporal lobe epilepsy (ETLE) pose the biggest challenge in localizing the SOZ and require multiple noninvasive diagnostic investigations before planning the intracranial monitoring (ICM) or direct resection. Ictal Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (i-SPECT) is a unique functional diagnostic tool that assesses the SOZ using the localized hyperperfusion that occurs early in the seizure. Subtraction ictal SPECT coregistered to MRI (SISCOM), statistical ictal SPECT coregistered to MRI (STATISCOM), and PET interictal subtracted ictal SPECT coregistered with MRI (PISCOM) are innovative SPECT methods for the determination of the SOZ. This article comprehensively reviews SPECT and sheds light on its vital role in the presurgical evaluation of the nonlesional extratemporal DRE.