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Distribution and Community Composition of Anammox Bacteria in Shallow Groundwater of the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal.
Microbes and Environments  (IF2.912),  Pub Date : 2021-01-01, DOI: 10.1264/jsme2.me20143
Mai Nakano,Tatsuru Kamei,Bijay Man Shakya,Takashi Nakamura,Yasuhiro Tanaka,Eiji Haramoto,Tadashi Toyama,Futaba Kazama

The abundance and diversity of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) bacteria were assessed in 152 groundwater samples in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Anammox bacterial 16S rRNA genes were detected in 54% (37/68) of samples collected in the dry season at 1.6×105-8.8×106 copies L-1, and in 60% (50/84) of samples collected in the wet season at 4.3×104-1.2×107 copies L-1. The 16S rRNA genes of "Candidatus Brocadia", "Candidatus Anammoxoglobus", and five new deduced anammox bacterial phylotypes were detected in the shallow groundwater samples. Diverse anammox bacteria were broadly distributed in the shallow groundwater aquifer of the Kathmandu Valley.