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miR-4709-3p Inhibits Cell Proliferation by Downregulating TSP50 Expression in Breast Cancer Cells
DNA and Cell Biology  (IF3.311),  Pub Date : 2021-07-15, DOI: 10.1089/dna.2020.6260
Ying Wang, Shifeng Xu, Shuyue Wang, Zhenbo Song, Lihua Zheng, Guannan Wang, Ying Sun, Yongli Bao

Breast cancer is a serious threat to the physical and mental health of women all over the world. Our previous results have shown that Serine protease 50 (TSP50), an oncogene overexpressed in breast cancer, can promote proliferation, migration, and invasion of breast cancer cells. Mechanistic studies have revealed that TSP50 promoted tumorigenesis mainly by activating NF-kappa B (NF-κB) and inhibiting activin signaling pathway, indicating that TSP50 played a critical role in the occurrence and development of breast cancer. However, there are few reports on the regulation of TSP50 expression in breast cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as an essential posttranscriptional regulator in gene expression and they played a significant role in breast cancer regulation. In the present study, bioinformatics software miRBase and TargetScan were first used to predict and analyze miRNAs that could target TSP50 mRNA 3′UTR and six miRNAs were found. Results from quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot suggested that miR-4709-3p could bind to TSP50 mRNA 3′UTR and significantly inhibit the expression of TSP50 protein. Moreover, the effects of miR-4709-3p on the proliferation of breast cancer cells and mammary epithelial cells were detected in vitro. Our data suggested that overexpression of miR-4709-3p mimic greatly inhibited the proliferation of breast cancer cells, whereas overexpression of miR-4709-3p inhibitors significantly promoted the proliferation of breast epithelial cells. Furthermore, the effect of miR-4709-3p on the tumorigenicity of breast cancer cells in vivo was tested, and the results showed that miR-4709-3p significantly reduced the volume and weight of tumor in nude mice. All these results suggested that miR-4709-3p could inhibit the tumorigenesis of breast cancer cells by targeting TSP50. Finally, the underlying molecular mechanisms were investigated and we found that both NF-κB and activin signaling were involved in miR-4709-3p-related tumor inhibitory effect.