Kaempferol (KMF) is a flavone reported to have anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activity.
The present study screened the effect of KMF in the animal model of spinal cord injury (SCI).
KMF caused a significant inhibition of spinal cord injury mediated oxidative stress and also suppressed the inflammatory reactions. The treatment of KMF also inhibited the levels of p53, TGF-β1 and COX-2 whereas a significant elevation in Bcl-2/Bax ratio was observed after the rats were treated with KMF. The in silico docking analysis suggested potential binding of KMF having lower energy with p53 confirming the potential target of KMF.
The treatment of KMF exerted neuroprotective effect by improving the anti-oxidant status and inflammatory response. The significant spinal cord injury protective effect of KMF in rats was attributed by targeting p53 and Bcl-2/Bax ratio.