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Preparation and characterisation of magnetosomes based drug conjugates for cancer therapy.
IET Nanobiotechnology  (IF1.847),  Pub Date : 2020-12-01, DOI: 10.1049/iet-nbt.2020.0082
Varalakshmi Raguraman,Krishnamurthy Suthindhiran

The authors report a novel, effective and enhanced method of conjugating anticancer drug, paclitaxel and gallic acid with magnetosomes. Here, anticancer drugs were functionalised with magnetosomes membrane by direct and indirect (via crosslinkers: glutaraldehyde and 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane) adsorption methods. The prepared magnetosome-drug conjugates were characterised by Fourier transform infrared, zeta potential, field-emission scanning electron microscope and thermogravimetric analysis/differential scanning calorimetry. The drug-loading efficiency and capacity were found to be 87.874% for paclitaxel (MP) and 71.3% for gallic acid (MG), respectively as calculated by ultraviolet spectroscopy and high-performance liquid chromatography. The drug release demonstrated by the diffusion method in phosphate buffer (PBS), showing a prolonged drug release for MP and MG, respectively. The cytotoxicity effect of the MP and MG displayed cytotoxicity of 69.71%, 55.194% against HeLa and MCF-7 cell lines, respectively. The reactive oxygen species, acridine orange and ethidium bromide and 4, 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining of the drug conjugates revealed the apoptotic effect of MP and MG. Further, the regulation of tumour suppressor protein, p53 was determined by western blotting which showed an upregulation of p53. Comparatively, the magnetosome-drug conjugates prepared by direct adsorption achieved the best effects on the drug-loading efficiency and the increased percentage of cancer cell mortality and the upregulation of P53. The proposed research ascertains that magnetosomes could be used as effective nanocarriers in cancer therapy.